What are the Space Shuttle Crew Positions?
The three space shuttle crew positions are Commander/Pilot Astronauts, Mission Specialist Astronauts, and Payload Specialists. Pilot Astronauts have onboard responsibility for the vehicle, crew, mission success, and safety of flight. Mission specialist astronauts have overall responsibility for coordinating shuttle operations in the following areas: shuttle systems, crew activity planning, consumables usage, and experiment/payload operations. Payload specialists are persons other than NASA astronauts (including foreign nationals) who have specialized onboard duties; they may be added to shuttle crews if activities with unique requirements are involved and more than the minimum crew size of five is needed.
Who can become an astronaut?
Any U.S. citizen can apply to for the Astronaut Candidate Program. Although the average age of candidates selected in the past ranges from 26-46, there is no age requirement to be an astronaut.
What educational requirements are needed?
A bachelor's degree from accredited institution in engineering, biological science, physical science, or mathematics is needed, as well as three years of professional experience. An advanced degree is also desirable.
What are the physical requirements needed for the Astronaut Candidate Training Program?
Astronaut candidates must be in excellent physical condition. At Johnson Space Center, they are required to complete military water survival prior to beginning their flying syllabus and become SCUBA qualified to prepare them for extravehicular activity training. Consequently, all Astronaut Candidates will be required to pass a swimming test during their first month of training. They must swim 3 lengths of a 25M pool without stopping, then swim 3 lengths of the pool in a flightsuit and tennis shoes. The strokes allowed are freestyle, breaststroke, and sidestroke. There is no time limit. They must also tread water continuously for 10 minutes.
In addition, astronaut candidates must pass medical exams by NASA physicians and must have keen vision. Mission Specialist Astronaut Candidates and Pilot Astronaut Candidates have additional requirements, which vary slightly.
What is the competition like to get into the Astronaut Candidate Training Program?
Competition is extremely keen, with an average of more than 4, 000 applicants for about 20 openings every 2 years. Astronaut recruiting occurs periodically.
How many astronauts have already been selected?
There are currently 108 astronauts and 36 management astronauts in the program; 133 astronauts have retired or resigned; and 35 are deceased.
When will NASA be selecting astronaut candidates again?
NASA accepts applications for the Astronaut Candidate Program on a continuing basis and selects candidates every two years, if needed.lifestyles unlimited san antonio key trends starbucks near me out of coffee trend 2015 lu bingwei butler's coffee supper cut near me astrology semi sextile symbol city science lifestyle points how do nadh molecules contribute to electron transport price trends lifestyle and health spanish to english top hairstyles women trend on science the haircut twin falls idaho media trends latest hairstyles for medium length hair full coffee pdf astronomy gina's hair animal science science fair topics for 12 graders what are the different branches of astronomy soft news falmouth coffee shops head pat memes haircut woman fashion police coffee for two very fashion tv trends lifestyle policy trending memes 2018 trends video where to buy maps coffee history of astronomy quiz lifestyle of the rich and famous youtube science police smug croagunk science for life modern lifestyle trend show he did this for science science an only coffee astronomy online fashion game on haircut day trend today why is there science table from the side fashion tips ideas celestial bodies in our solar system step in the scientific method coffee shop ne blush a-line dress size 4 chicago meteorology museum state coffee of science men's trends astronomy box fashion chingu photo trend science 12 why did facebook remove trending house coffee green haircut adorable kpop outfit can science constellation of auriga haircut in roseville ca coffee downtown riverside trending topics twitter a coffee a day lifestyle product women astronomy empirical science method diagram astronomy co fashion styles 2019 today's trends free science glycolysis hair styles 2017 women lifestyle gift d d coffee coffee shops mountain view ca fashion name vip lifestyle fuel storage pathways in body it's fashion am fashion coffee an how did astrology begin science experiments for kids 4-6 haircut risk hair salon near me current location coffee in can coffee enemas and weight loss coffee message note haircut fine hair trends 2018 male lifestyle blogs supercuts coupons do now science 1 fashion engineering design vs scientific method assignment gru meme fbi down trend 1 haircut fashion nova curve over trend state science love trends 2016 and 2017 movies list science olympiad 2019 events division c the coffee re science brakeman's charlotte trending hairstyles men starships clean first coffee hairstyle that juts out lifestyle live science of the time high salon i am great lifestyle blue astronomy what is the question in the scientific method art coffee how to be in fashion game lifestyle deep astronomy coffee day line haircut trending in world this is our science music lifestyle fashion from science news articles for kids trending music 2018 haircut show lifestyle choice need lifestyle trending movies on netflix search astronomy i am science astronomy stuff fashion can 3rd avenue studio denver astronomy artist astronomy de which soda freezes the fastest astronomy india science who am i science center greensboro nc group science years fashion nude casual bodycon dress coffee shops science fair projects trend oil fashion full planet symbol icons o m a coffee science at home pro media hashtags what to wear to an interview