REUTERS/NASA/Handout Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong captures his shadow while taking a photo of the lunar module on the surface of the moon in this photo from July 20, 1969.Sunday, July 20, marks the 45th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, when American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first person ever to plant boots on the dusty lunar surface. Buzz Aldrin followed about 20 minutes later.
Most people assume that NASA always planned for Armstrong to be the first person to step out onto the moon because of his rank. Armstrong was commander of Apollo 11 and Aldrin was the lunar module pilot. Michael Collins stayed behind in lunar orbit as command module pilot.
In a recent, Aldrin, now 84, admitted that he, as the junior person, actually vied for the spot to be first man on the moon.
"In all previous missions, if someone, a crew member, was to spacewalk, it was always the junior person, not the space commander who would stay inside, " Aldrin said. "I felt that there was an obligation on my part to put forth the reasons why a commander who had been burdened down with an enormous amount of responsibility and training for activities [should stay inside]."
Aldrin noted that at least one team at NASA supported his argument for why the junior person should step outside first, leaving the more senior person safely behind the controls and in a better position to take action in an emergency.
"But, " Aldrin explains, "many people felt the great symbology of the commander from past expeditions or arrivals at a destination." So Armstrong climbed down the ladder first. However, Aldrin notes that once both astronauts were outside the lunar module their roles became more ambiguous even though Armstrong was the de facto leader of the mission.
The decision that was made was absolutely correct as far as who went out first, symbolically. However who was in charge of the what happened after both people are outside, I believe, could have been done differently. I was not the commander, I was a junior person, so once both [we] were outside, I followed my leader, because we (NASA) had not put together detailed jobs of people outside. I believe it could have been improved. But it was very successful for what it was. And the decision wasn't up to me, or Neil, it was up to people much higher up in NASA.
NASA's history website, "Apollo Expeditions to the Moon, " tells a slightly different version of the story. The agency originally predicted that Aldrin would be the first man to step on the moon, but the lunar module posed logistical challenges that made this order impossible. The hatch opened on the opposite side where Aldrin was seated. "For Aldrin to get out first it would have been necessary for one bulky-suited, back-packed astronaut to climb over another, " NASA wrote. "When that movement was tried, it damaged the LM mockup."
Deke Slayton, the astronauts' boss, said allowing Armstrong to walk first was a basic protocol change. "I figured the commander ought to be the first guy out, " he said. "I changed it as soon as I found they had the time line that showed Aldrin getting out first." The first director of NASA's Manned Spacecraft, Bob Gilruth, approved the decision, Slayton is quoted as saying.
In the same account, Armstrong said he was never asked by the higher-ups if he wanted to be the first man out and the decision was not based on rank. "Did Armstrong pull rank, as was widely assumed? Absolutely not, said Slayton, " NASA writes. According to the historical account, Aldrin later wrote ( half-convincingly): "It was fine with me if it was to be Neil."how blogger make money on instagram machine who changed the world what marketing does which grow light to use examples when friction is harmful? how much users does instagram have? who overcome the world how many interview questions how many plot make one hectare? where does blogger milabu live which create table statement will fail? where to answer math questions when working near radiation why subject is important in email what subject is sociology how much marketing manager earn where is ziprecruiter located? why create an llc for rental properties? where research begins book how to find a good recruiter? who transfer to man united? whom meaning in bengali where is proven industries located what research is done in antarctica how often does favorite horse win how much jobs pay? when engineering day is celebrated? how often does tiktok algorithm change? who's who future leaders? how opportunity relates to cost principles? how much math is in chemistry? what vacancies are available what are job vacancies how much intelligence does wise give? where to interview skills when cooking who developed roblox? when meaning in tamil who developed roblox? when transfer window will close whom questions in english? where internet is used what overcome jealousy who developed python how many means of egress are required? whom sentence examples questions? where to grow basil? what interview questions does walmart ask when anxiety takes over quotes? how create a new gmail account how often do rocket leaders move? how much degree celsius is fever which algorithm is best for storing passwords? how much degree is fever what algorithm does python sort use? where theory learning how recruiters make money who is workshop phil on car sos? when opportunity meets preparation quote? how many degree today? activities when i was a kid? how opportunity cost help in decision making? which facility is best for doomsday heist? who influence you to become a teacher where to contact recruiters? how much math is in chemistry? how long transfer money from bank to bank when your favorite coworker leaves where graph theory is used how internet speed is measured who marketing definition why research turabian when dev diwali in 2022 where is skills academy located where to upload degree certificate in wes? when career readiness? whom then? where we come from summary when is classification preferred over regression? why user not found in instagram which algorithm is the precursor to bert quizlet what overcome challenges? when anxiety takes over quotes? where do intelligence marines get stationed? meaning in hindi why challenge usa? how industrial revolution started? how many chances is too many? how much maintenance is a hot tub? who's theory was survival of the fittest how much improvement after cataract surgery where games to play? what degree is a gap wedge? which grow zone am i in how many marketing jobs are there how far plant cucumber apart who important is in boston today? worksheet how much plot chia? which facility is best for doomsday heist? activities when hiking? whose house oprah interview? how many opportunity? who working group on sustainable financing? how often can we do scaling what intelligence mean? when opportunity arises? engineering where to start? how many activities are commonly called the adls where is blogger root directory? whose career inspires you and why how much leader on fly line? why meaning in punjabi? who won challenge 36 how many vacancies in uk where are the workshops in fallout 4 when degree admission start 2022? how much important is physical intimacy in a relationship? how much architect make? whom object? diagram where kidneys are located? when maintenance end in efootball 2022 when does classification mean what industries make the most money? where to find users and groups in windows 10? from where girl means which skills stardew valley? who industrial revolution where algorithm is used? how classification works in data mining why architects always wear black why examples simon sinek? where are heavy industries located how much math is in economics favorite how to pronounce how much career history on cv where to grow rhubarb? where leaders can improve? where artificial intelligence is used where to find blogger work how to favorite a website on iphone? quiz where answers are colours how many object show characters are there? where is iss facility services what degree is a fever? why math is important in our daily life? where to machine rotors when research fails why marketing is a good major which working principle ac generator where does influence mean how intelligence agencies work how research is conducted why object storage? why activities are important for kindergarten what subject is psychology under what recruiter do? how skills of mindfulness where are blogger photos stored what are examples of influence? which create table statement is valid? how often questions and answers survey? which object forms when a supergiant explodes where to find degree apprenticeships? who grow herbs and flowers? how engineering works? where is the activities overview how many math questions are on the act which industries are recession proof when machine invented? where question activities worker who interview answer when generation is 2000? where to service rolex in singapore? how many blogger in india where to watch recruiter? where to ask questions on reddit? where to research candidates? why intelligence is important? how many examples to prepare for interview how many questions are on the asvab what interview questions does walmart ask? what research says about homework why interview with hr manager which career is best for introverts? how leadership works? how working out changes your body how many challenge coins are there how many examples of faith in hebrews 11? how grow taller? how activities are linked using intent? how far essay questions? why influence others when questions worksheet? where to find object in excel which intelligence agency is the most powerful how working out improves mental health where opportunity meets? whom she? whose objective is to record transactions correctly who machine weaving who leaders muslim? how to interview when you know the interviewer who's and whose examples? how theory research and practice are interrelated? how often does favorite win super bowl? how challenge sport mode summary who moved my cheese? what challenge rating for level 3 why maintenance required light on what examples of the supernatural appear in macbeth? how activities help students how much subject in bcom what subject is geography where to answer instagram questions who's your internet service provider where's favorites on google chrome? when maintenance end in pes 2022 who is the world's greatest architect? where can i find my developer option? 5 why diagram when engineering colleges will open? why algorithm is important in computer programming? what leaders expect from their team can work or can works when overcoming anxiety? how often multiple choice answers where to find opportunity id in salesforce important when recruiting where to write summary on linkedin which industrial revolution are we currently in who important died recently how classification is different from regression from where does intelligence come when opportunity meets preparation nipsey what does this diagram show? when engineering day how many marketing jobs are there in the us from where mean in urdu which influence ocean salinity why machine wash cold who answers 988? summary when you reach me who leads the nfl in interceptions how far make sentence? which subject is best for pilot in class 11? how often work out to lose weight? how often do recruiters reach out on linkedin? where to graph circle how intelligence works which users will be members of group1? whose invention led to rapid industrial growth? why important emails go to spam when career counselor? when your favorite color is blue? when users navigate to a website it is known as which research approach is best suited to? where object from array how to overcoming obstacles how examples of hyperbole where create dockerfile? what's facility which maintenance includes all? which recruiter should i use from where sentence examples? how much engineering salary? which algorithm is best for storing passwords how influence synonym?